What is the proper if clause syntax for a MySQL UDF?

Keywords´╝Ü mysql user-defined-functions sqlyog

Question: 

I am brand new to MySQL, so I apologize if some of this is relatively elementary.

I'm trying to write a UDF to round a digit to a certain number of significant figures. I have a function which, in theory, should work - I consulted another helpful StackOverflow to nail down the logic (Round to n Significant Figures in SQL). However, numbers between 1 and -1 (excluding 0, because I threw in the edge case catch) fail to round appropriately; for instance, a call of sfround(.00123456789, 5), which should yield 0.0012345, instead yields 0.0012345999712124467.

In an attempt to fix this, I was hoping to truncate digits between 1 and -1 (excluding 0) to the number of trivial zeros PLUS the number of necessary sig figs. In the code below, the IF clause is intended to carry out this truncation. However, I find that whenever I include this IF clause, it results in an error ('Error Code: 1064. You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'DECLARE numDigits INT; SET numDigits = FLOOR(LOG10(ABS(number))); #total d' at line 5).

Even when I experimented with a very simple IF statement, such as

IF (5 = 5) THEN DECLARE dummyvar INT; END IF;

I still got the same error at this line, which leads me to think that I am missing something simple in my MySQL syntax for an IF clause.

DELIMITER $$

USE `vg_summary1`$$

DROP FUNCTION IF EXISTS `sfround`$$

CREATE FUNCTION 'sfround`(number FLOAT, sf INT) RETURNS FLOAT
DETERMINISTIC
BEGIN
     IF ((ABS(number) < 1) AND (ABS(number) > 0)) THEN            
        DECLARE numDigits INT;
        SET numDigits = FLOOR(LOG10(ABS(number)));     
        DECLARE trivialDigits INT;
        SET trivialDigits = 0;                         
                DECLARE placeholder FLOAT;
        SET placeholder = ABS(number);               

        WHILE placeholder < 1
        BEGIN
           placeholder = placeholder * 10;
           IF (placeholder < 1) THEN trivialDigits = trivialDigits + 1;    
           END IF;
        END;

        DECLARE keptDigits = trivialDigits + sf;

        DECLARE special_answer FLOAT;
        SET special_answer = ROUND(number, keptDigits-1-FLOOR(LOG10(ABS(number))));
        RETURN special_answer;

     END IF;

     DECLARE r FLOAT;

     SET r = CASE WHEN number = 0 THEN 0 ELSE ROUND(number, sf-1-FLOOR(LOG10(ABS(number)))) END;
     RETURN r;

   END$$

 DELIMITER ;

If anyone has any suggestions in terms of syntax errors or more logical ways to fix the original error, I would be very grateful to hear them! Thank you so much!

Answers: